B.C. Neolithic China
Ø The early Chinese lived by farming the Yellow
River Valley. They grew crops such as millet, rice, and wheat. For agriculture, they used stone tools and weapons. People
in this time lived in pit dwellings and raised livestock like cows and chickens.
Ø They buried their dead according to family
groupings. They used pig skulls to offer libations during the funeral. For use in their afterlife they would bury essential
items like stone and jade tools with them.
2250-256 B.C. Bronze Age
Ø During the Bronze Age, the Chinese discovered
the usefulness of bronze metal and begin to make tools and weapons with it.
Ø The basis of social and political organization
was city-states. Battles over territory began as the population increased. The social hierarchy began to develop as villages
grew into cities.
2205-1766 B.C. Hsia Dynasty
Ø This dynasty was previously believed to be legendary, but recent information
has proven its existence.
Ø Legend say this dynasty began when Yu drained
the waters of the flood. He then became the first king of the Hsia Dynasty.
B.C. Shang Dynasty
Ø The Shang Dynasty overthrew the Hsia Dynasty
because the last king had become very corrupt.
Ø The Shang left the earliest evidence of a
writing system and left the first historical records. The Shang divided their society into upper and lower classes. The Shang
dynasty is known for its use of bronze containers, oracle bones, and human sacrifices.
Ø The Shang worshiped their ancestors, and
had a supreme god called “Lord on High.” Underneath him they had smaller gods of things found in nature.
Ø P’an Keng found the city of Anyang.
At this time, a mature culture including both writing and art had developed.
1050-256 B.C. Chou Dynasty
Ø The Chou Dynasty conquered the Shang Dynasty.
Ø This dynasty was divided into feudal states
as the population grew. During this time literature flourished and people began to study astronomy. In order to move supplies
over long distances they built roads and canals.
771-481 B.C. The “Spring
481-221 B.C. The Warring
This was a period of violence and chaos. There
were about 7 states of China during the Warring States period, including Yen, not one of the contending states, Ch'I, Ch'u,
Ch'in, Wei, Han, and Chao. The Ch'in and Ch'u, went to dominate, and in 223, the Ch'in defeated the Ch'u, establishing the
first unified Chinese state two years later.
This period was also known as the Hundred
Schools of Thought including the four main schools: Confucianism, Taoism, Mohism, and Legalism.
221 B.C. Qin Dynasty
214 B.C. Great Wall of China