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Ancient China

Ancient China's Timeline

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Ancient China's Timeline
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Women in Ancient China
Biography of Qin Shi Huang Di
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4000-2205 B.C. Neolithic China

 

      The early Chinese lived by farming the Yellow River Valley. They grew crops such as millet, rice, and wheat. For agriculture, they used stone tools and weapons. People in this time lived in pit dwellings and raised livestock like cows and chickens.

 

      They buried their dead according to family groupings. They used pig skulls to offer libations during the funeral. For use in their afterlife they would bury essential items like stone and jade tools with them.

 

 

2250-256 B.C. Bronze Age

 

      During the Bronze Age, the Chinese discovered the usefulness of bronze metal and begin to make tools and weapons with it.

 

      The basis of social and political organization was city-states. Battles over territory began as the population increased. The social hierarchy began to develop as villages grew into cities.

 

 

 

2205-1766 B.C. Hsia Dynasty

 

      This dynasty was previously believed to be legendary, but recent information has proven its existence.

 

      Legend say this dynasty began when Yu drained the waters of the flood. He then became the first king of the Hsia Dynasty.

 

 

1766-1050 B.C. Shang Dynasty

 

      The Shang Dynasty overthrew the Hsia Dynasty because the last king had become very corrupt.

 

      The Shang left the earliest evidence of a writing system and left the first historical records. The Shang divided their society into upper and lower classes. The Shang dynasty is known for its use of bronze containers, oracle bones, and human sacrifices.

 

      The Shang worshiped their ancestors, and had a supreme god called “Lord on High.” Underneath him they had smaller gods of things found in nature.

 

 

1384 B.C. Development

 

      P’an Keng found the city of Anyang. At this time, a mature culture including both writing and art had developed.

 

 

 

1050-256 B.C. Chou Dynasty

 

      The Chou Dynasty conquered the Shang Dynasty.

 

      This dynasty was divided into feudal states as the population grew. During this time literature flourished and people began to study astronomy. In order to move supplies over long distances they built roads and canals.

 

 

771-481 B.C. The “Spring and Autumn”

  • During this time, conflict between the city-states broke out. Iron was discovered and helped in agriculture. The improvements in agriculture led to a surplus food and also increased population.

Urbanisation during the Spring and Autumn period.

481-221 B.C. The Warring States Period

  • This was a period of violence and chaos. There were about 7 states of China during the Warring States period, including Yen, not one of the contending states, Ch'I, Ch'u, Ch'in, Wei, Han, and Chao. The Ch'in and Ch'u, went to dominate, and in 223, the Ch'in defeated the Ch'u, establishing the first unified Chinese state two years later.
  • This period was also known as the Hundred Schools of Thought including the four main schools: Confucianism, Taoism, Mohism, and Legalism.

221 B.C. Qin Dynasty

  • The Qin came to power in 221 B.C. They were one of the western states that existed during the Warring States Period. They conquered the other Warring States, unifying China for the first time.

Map of Qin Dynasty

214 B.C. Great Wall of China

  • The building of the Great Wall of China begun. It was designed to keep out destitute and starving people.

 

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