This word came from the word "papyrus", which was a plant found in Egypt. About 5,000 years ago,
Egyptains created "sheets" of papyrus by harvesting, peeling, and slicing the plant into strips. The strips were then layered,
pounded together, and smoothed to make flat, uniform sheets. According to Chinese historical accounts, paper was first invented
by Ts ' ai Lun (about 104 BC). During the Tang Dynasty and the Song Dynasty, varietoes of paper were developed for different
purposes. The varietoes included hemp paper, hide paper, bambo paper, and xuan paper. The xuan paper was mostly used
in chinese painting and calligraphy because of its smoothness, durability, and whiteness of the paper.
Medicine- The chinese had many natural remedies which included natural herbs and acupuncture. The discovery of medicine stared
more than 2,000 years ago. The Chinese goal was to make medicine an elixir of life to make emperors immortal and to
help them live eternally. In their quest to make an elixir of life, they made series of medicines and remedies. To cure
sickness you would eat something such as a sheep's eye. The organs or parts were cleaned in water, then parts were given
to patients for them to eat so that the patient could be cured. They ate ginseng weed for asthma, if you had a skin problem
you would eat dried sea horse.
Ancient Chinas astronomy past is very interesting. The Chinese empire was one of the first dominate civilizations of the world.
In the nights sky of China they were able to view about 3,000 stars. From these 3,000 stars they, similarly to the Greeks,
divided the stars into easier groups to allow for easy searching in the sky. The Chinese used about 283 constellations.
Then the constellations were then put into large groups called mansions, and these were commonly called images;
they were divided into three enclosures. The Chinese were the first to record the first solar eclipse in the 2000 BC. The
chinese were also the first to record Halley's Comet.
Silks- Despite technological development, a silkworm can only produce a certain amount of silk 1000 meters in its lifespan
of 28 days. The rarity of the raw material is the deciding factor of both the value and the mystery of silk. The pattern, weaving, embroidery and dyeing skills were all improved as they were influenced by the free ideology of
the time, while the silk designs had sense of a free and bold air about them.Silk production peaked during the Han Dynasty
when the manufactured goods were transported as far away as Rome from Chang'an.
Literature and Philosophy-
It is written in one of the Chinese traditions of thought. Chinese philosophy has a history of several
thousands years. It's origins are traced back to the Yi Jing, an ancient time of divination, which introduced some
of the most fundamental terms of Chinese philosophy. Its age can only be estimated, but it draws on an oracular tradition
that goes back to neolithic times.