Shang Dynasty is the earliest know dynasty in China. The dates are most likely as far back as the 13 century BC. We know
this from finding marking on bones of animals or shells, which they called oracle bones. This proved the existence of the
Shang Dynasty from around 1600-1046 BC. The Shang Dynasty is believed to be started by a rebel leader who defeated the last
Xia ruler. The line of Shang kings controlled much of the Northern Parts of China and often fought battles with Nomadic tribes
from the Chinese Steppe. Also Shang Dynasties had a fully developed writing system. They worked with pottery and bronze. The
Shang also were working with astronomy and found comets and the planet Mars. After the Shang armies were defeated by the Zhou,
Shang Zhou the Shang king, committed suicide.
Zhou started to emerge by the end of the 2nd millennium BC around the Yellow River. Their ruler, King Wu ran
the dynasty with a semi-feudal system. The Zhou dynasty lasted longer then any other dynasty in China. Iron was introduced
this time to the Zhou. When the royal line broke the power of the Zhou diminished
and the dynasty started to diminish. Towards the end the kings didn’t have the power but the nobles did. Finally, the
dynasty was obliterated by Qin Shi Huang Di’s unification of China in 223 BC.
The Qin Dynasty came along under the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang Di, and was the beginning of Imperial China.
Haung Di imposed a the State of Qin, a centralized non-heriditary bueracratic system that replaced the fuedal from the Zhou.
Qin also standardized the wheel axle and the expressway system in China. Many confucsious critics were banished to death to
silence oppenents. He also captured all weapons and put them in his capital to prevent up risings from other rebel lords.
Qin pushed his boundaries into barbarian territories and built the first Great Wall of China. All these military expeditions
made it that all men between 17-60 had to serve one year in the Qin army. Many public projects went on also, like canals and
bridges. Haung Di built himself a lavish tomb with a Terra Cotta army to serve him in the after life.
After searching for a way to become immortal, Haung Di’s alchemist starting giving Haung Di mercury pill which were
thought to make him immortal. Ironically they did not, infact they were a big reason for his death.
Through the ages their have been many dynasties that have ruled over China. Many of them having a great amount of impact on
all of the people of China. The Ancient Chinese have been a power in the Far East for a long time and their impact has strecthed
from the beggining all the way to today.